The Schengen Evaluation Mechanism: Exploring the Views of Experts in the Field of Police Cooperation

  • Joosep Kaasik CEPOL I European Joint Master Programme graduate (2017)
  • Stephen Tong
Keywords: Schengen area, Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism, police cooperation, evaluation experts


Freedom of movement was founded in Europe over 30 years ago, signing the Schengen agreement 1985. The convention implementing the Schengen Agreement (CISA) took effect in 1995. It was incorporated into EU law and considered a major achievement of European integration. The Schengen evaluation mechanism has been developed as guarding system for establishing and maintain effective cooperation and mutual trust among member states. There have been major changes within the mechanism, the initial intergovernmental peer review process is now a community method led by the European Commission. This study analyses the development of the Schengen area and the evaluation process, exploring the views of the evaluation experts assessing police cooperation. The research found that although the new evaluation system was considered appropriate for the monitoring the arrangements, there are key areas that could be improved within the process of conducting evaluations, maintaining expertise and sharing best practise.

Author Biographies

Joosep Kaasik, CEPOL I European Joint Master Programme graduate (2017)

Worked in Estonian Police 1991-2017. The position during the study was Deputy Director General in the field of Development (rank: Poice Colonel).

Stephen Tong

Director: Canterbury Centre for Policing Research (CCPR), Canterbury Christ Church University, School of Law, Criminal Justice & Computing, Canterbury, CT1 1QU, UK Email: Twitter: @CCCUPolRes Policing Programmes: Undergraduate, Postgraduate and MSc/PhD
Adjunct Associate Professor, Charles Sturt University, Graduate School of Policing & Security

How to Cite
Kaasik, J., & Tong, S. (2019). The Schengen Evaluation Mechanism: Exploring the Views of Experts in the Field of Police Cooperation. European Law Enforcement Research Bulletin, (18), 53-69. Retrieved from