Transformational, Transactional and Cooperative Police Leadership in Theory and Practice
The following article presents empirical results gained from police leaders’ self-report questionnaires on leadership styles, and compares the cooperative leadership system, prescribed as the leadership model in the German police forces, to the internationally validated leadership literature. The aim of this analysis is to open up the leadership practices of the German police to a wider international audience, as well as critically evaluate police leadership in a more contemporary manner. Police leaders of today are found to endorse transformational, transactional and cooperative leadership behaviours, thus moving beyond traditional notions of the authoritarian, task-focused leader.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The copyright of individual articels are with the author(s) and CEPOL. Reproduction without alterations is authorised for non-commercial purposes, provided the source is acknowledged.